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This project allows for climate modeling that produces “hind-casts” of the South African Cape climate during a glacial phase in the deep human past. The effort supports attempts at long-term climate forecasting by providing the background and paleo-models against which to test future projections.
In this project, researchers will collect, record and store the data and materials gathered from Quarai Mission.
Through analysis and interpretation of large-scale archaeological excavations of three late prehistoric Zuni towns, the proposed research will illuminate the dramatic organizational developments of the final three centuries preceding the Spanish entrada.
Using new technologies and collaborating with an international coalition of scholars, we seek to build an archaeological information infrastructure that will allow archaeologists to archive, access, integrate, and mine disparate datasets in order for archaeology to approach its potential to provide long term, scientific understandings of human history.
Although the project focuses on investments in archaeology and closely related fields, its explicit and fundamental objective is to propose investments that will directly and importantly enhance the infrastructure for scientific research. This includes addressing the needs of transdisciplinary researchers who are attacking fundamental questions about the long-term interactions of human societies and their environments.
This project will examine mechanisms of social stability and the reasons why some social systems resist change. Since the embedding of social stability is a cumulative process that plays out through time, archaeology is uniquely positioned with an established corpus of tools and the long-term perspective necessary to problematize social stability; to establish contexts in which societies resist change, good or bad; and ultimately to understand how, why, and when social transformation does or does not take place.
This project is a collaborative effort by archaeologists and ecologists to investigate the legacy of prehistoric and modern human land use on the mesas of Agua Fria National Monument north of the Phoenix Basin. We are working to reconstruct key ecological and archaeological features of the landscape before, during, and after (in the case of the indigenous occupation) two pulses of intense human land-use.
The Laboratory of Sonoran Ceramic Research (LSCR) investigates the lifeways of the ancient Hohokam people in the Sonoran Desert of central and southern Arizona, particularly through analyses of ceramic materials.
The 3D Knowledge (3DK) project seeks to develop a knowledge network for the acquisition, representation, query and analysis of 3D knowledge in a distributed environment. Assuming that most such knowledge is inherent in and derivable from 3D geometric structures, new capabilities and corresponding tools will be developed for combining, classifying and analyzing 3D objects and phenomena at variable scales.
In the Isotopic Taphonomy of Human Remains project, team members will examine samples from human donors emplaced in different environmental conditions at the University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility and Texas State University Forensic Anthropology Research Facility. Through isotopic analyses, project members will examine how different isotopes in the human body behave during decomposition in different environments.