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This project uses archaeobotanical data to examine human-environmental relationships across time and space in the Maya Lowlands of Mexico, Belize and Guatemala.
Working with samples of botanical remains from many different Maya archaeological sites, this research asks the following questions:
Paleoethnobotany is still a relatively under-utilized field in Maya archaeology (and Mesoamerican archaeology generally). Yet archaeologists and anthropologists working in this area have been interested in environmental change for decades — an interest that has exploded even more in the past 10 years. In general, the role of archaeobotany in this topic has been minimal. Most research has used micro-floral data as proxies for regional environmental conditions.
Macrofloral data, however, often have not been studied systematically in order to examine resource use and change. Furthermore, no systematic effort has been devoted to integrating archaeobotanical data throughout the region in order to examine what we know about human-environmental relations using data that most directly reflect resource use: plant remains.
Integrating and comparing data from many archaeological sites must confront a lot of issues regarding sampling and preservation, but doing so is essential in order to use these data to make observations about the past. This “multi-sited” approach, however, will provide insight into both local and extra-local social, political, economic, cultural and ecological processes. It will also offer systematic assessments of our current understandings of ancient human-plant relationships as well as lacunae in data and knowledge — and, hence, areas for future research.
Methodologically, this project focuses on (1) the tabulation of archaeobotanical data from Maya archaeological sites in the published literature into a regional database (MS Access); (2) the tabulation of comparative ethnobotanical data from the published literature into a regional database; and (3) the identification and tabulation of archaeobotanical samples recovered from multiple archaeological sites, reflecting the collaboration with archaeologists from multiple institutions. Archaeological sites include habitation sites and cave sites. Moreover, the analysis and interpretation of these data are enriched by a comparative approach to human-environmental relations that also includes data from archaeological sites in highland Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Southeastern United States.
Archaeobotanical samples analyzed are from the following archaeological sites:
United States and Caribbean
|Christopher Morehart, Arizona State University School of Human Evolution and Social Change|
|Each year groups of undergraduate and graduate students participate in different aspects of this project, receiving training in botany and archaeology.|