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Ancient Andean Paleodiet and Paleomobility

Altar at Tiwanaku

The Ancient Andean Paleodiet and Paleomobility project examines lived experiences, particularly migration and dietary choices, in what are now Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. Knudson uses isotopic values in archaeological human tooth enamel and bone to understand geographic origins and diet throughout an individual’s life.

The Ancient Andean Paleodiet and Paleomobility project examines lived experiences, particularly migration and dietary choices, in what are now Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. Knudson uses isotopic values in archaeological human tooth enamel and bone to understand geographic origins and diet throughout an individual’s life. Knudson and her colleagues have investigated a wide range of anthropological questions in the Andes, including the role of migration and population movement in Andean political integration and ritual activity, the creation and manipulation of various social identities, and the complex relationships between social identities, material culture and geographic origins. This work has focused on the Tiwanaku polity of the Andean Middle Horizon (AD 500-1000), but also has included research on the Nasca, Wari, Chiribaya and Inka polities.

Years of Project:
2000–Present

Publications:

Kelly J. Knudson, Charles Stanish, Maria Cecilia Lozada Cerna, and Kym F. Faull. 2016. “Intra-Individual Variability and Strontium Isotope Measurements: A Methodological Study Using 87Sr/86Sr Data from Pampa de los Gentiles, Chincha Valley, Peru.” Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 5:590-597.

Christina Torres-Rouff, Kelly J. Knudson, Emily M. Stovel, and William J. Pestle. 2015. “Tiwanaku Influence and Social Inequality in San Pedro de Atacama, Northern Chile: A Bioarchaeological, Biogeochemical, and Contextual Analysis of the Larache Cemetery.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 158(4): 592-606.

Andrew Somerville, Paul S. Goldstein, Sarah I. Baitzel, Karin Bruwellheide, Allisen Dahlstedt, Kelly J. Knudson, and Margaret J. Schoeninger. 2015. “Diet and Gender in the Tiwanaku Colonies: Stable Isotope Analysis of Human Bone Collagen and Apatite from Moquegua, Peru.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 158(3): 408-422.

Kelly J. Knudson, Christina Torres-Rouff, and Christopher M. Stojanowski. 2015. “Investigating Human Responses to Political and Environmental Change through Paleomobility and Paleodiet.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157: 179-201.

William J. Pestle, Christina Torres-Rouff, Mark Hubbe, Francisca Santana S., Gonzalo Pimentel, Francisco Gallardo, and Kelly J. Knudson. 2015. “Explorando la diversidad dietética en la prehistoria del desierto de Atacama: Un acercamiento a los patrones regionales (Exploring Dietary Diversity in the Prehistoric Atacama: An Approximation of Regional Patterns).” Chungara 47 (2): 201-209.

Kelly J. Knudson, Ann H. Peters, and Elsa Tomasto Cagigao. 2015. “Paleodiet in the Paracas Necropolis of Wari Kayan: Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analysis of Keratin Samples from the South Coast of Peru.” Journal of Archaeological Science 55: 231-243.

Kelly J. Knudson, Paul S. Goldstein, Allisen Dahlstedt, Andrew Somerville, and Margaret J. Schoeninger. 2014. “Paleomobility in the Tiwanaku Diaspora: Biogeochemical Analyses at Rio Muerto, Moquegua, Peru.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 155(3): 405-421.

Kelly J. Knudson, Emily Webb, Christine White, and Fred J. Longstaffe. 2014. “Baseline Data for Andean Paleomobility Research: A Radiogenic Strontium Isotope Study of Modern Peruvian Agricultural Soils.” Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 6(3): 205-219.

Kelly J. Knudson and Christina Torres-Rouff. 2014. “Cultural Diversity and Paleomobility in the Andean Middle Horizon: Radiogenic Strontium Isotope Analysis in the San Pedro de Atacama Oases of Northern Chile.” Latin American Antiquity 25(2): 170-188.

Deborah E. Blom and Kelly J. Knudson. 2014. “Tracing Tiwanaku Childhoods: A Bioarchaeological Study of Age and Identity in Tiwanaku Society.” In Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity, edited by Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta Alfonso-Durruty, and John J. Crandall and published in the series Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives, edited by Clark Spencer Larsen. University Press of Florida: Tallahassee, Florida, pages 228-245.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2014. “La migración en la cultura Sicán: Análisis del movimiento población en el pasado usando la geología y la química (Sicán Migration: Analyzing Population Movement in the Past Using Geology and Chemistry).” In Cultura Sicán: Esplendor Preincaico de la Costa Norte (Sicán Culture: Pre-Inkaic Splendor in the North Coast), edited by Izumi Shimada. Editorial Congreso del Perú: Lima, Peru, pages 283-291.

Christina Torres-Rouff, Kelly J. Knudson, and Mark Hubbe. 2013. “Issues of Affinity: Exploring Population Structure in the Middle and Regional Developments Periods of San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 152(3): 370-382.

Kelly J. Knudson, William J. Pestle, Christina Torres-Rouff and Gonzalo Pimentel. 2012. “Assessing the Life History of an Andean Traveler through Biogeochemistry: Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Analyses of Archaeological Human Remains from Northern Chile.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22(4): 435-451.

Kristin L. Nado, Sara J. Marsteller, Laura M. King, Blair M. Daverman, Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2012. “Examining Local Social Identities through Patterns of Biological and Cultural Variation in the Solcor Ayllu, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.” Chungara 44(2): 341-357.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2011. “Identifying Locals, Migrants and Captives in the Wari Heartland: A Bioarchaeological and Biogeochemical Study of Human Remains from Conchopata, Peru.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30 (3): 247-261.

Kelly J. Knudson, Kristin R. Gardella and Jason Yaeger. 2011. “Provisioning Inka Feasts at Tiwanaku, Bolivia: The Geographic Origins of Camelids in the Pumapunku Complex.” Journal of Archaeological Science 39(2): 479-491.

Kelly J. Knudson and Tiffiny A. Tung. 2011. “Investigating Regional Mobility in the Southern Hinterland of the Wari Empire: Biogeochemistry at the Site of Beringa, Peru.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145(2): 299-310.

Sara J. Marsteller, Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2011. “Pre-Columbian Andean Sickness Ideology and the Social Experience of Leishmaniasis: A Contextualized Analysis of Bioarchaeological and Paleopathological Data from San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.” International Journal of Paleopathology 1: 24-34.

Kelly J. Knudson, Hope M. Williams, Jane E. Buikstra, Paula Tomczak, Gwyneth Gordon and Ariel D. Anbar. 2010. “Introducing δ88/86Sr Analysis in Archaeology: A Demonstration of the Utility of Strontium Isotope Fractionation in Paleodietary Studies.” Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (9): 2352-2364.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2010. “Childhood Lost: Abductions, Sacrifice and Trophy Heads of Children in the Wari Empire of the Ancient Andes.” Latin American Antiquity 22 (1): 44-66.

Kelly J. Knudson, Sloan R. Williams, Rebecca Osborne, Kathleen Forgey and Patrick Ryan Williams. 2009. “The Geographic Origins of Nasca Trophy Heads in the Kroeber Collection Using Strontium, Oxygen, and Carbon Isotope Data.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 28 (2): 244-257.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2009. “Oxygen Isotope Analysis in a Land of Environmental Extremes: The Complexities of Isotopic Work in the Andes.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19 (2): 171-191. Published in a special issue entitled, “Archaeology and Stable Isotopes in Southern South America: Hunter-Gatherers, Pastoralism, and Agriculture” and co-edited by Ramiro Barberena, Adolfo Gil, Gustavo Neme, and Robert Tykot.

Kelly J. Knudson and Christina Torres-Rouff. 2009. “Investigating Cultural Heterogeneity in San Pedro de Atacama, Northern Chile through Biogeochemistry and Bioarchaeology.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 138 (4): 473-485.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2008. “Social Identities and Geographical Origins of Wari Trophy Heads from Conchopata, Peru.” Current Anthropology 49 (5): 915-925.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2008. “Tiwanaku Influence in the South Central Andes: Strontium Isotope Analysis and Middle Horizon Migration.” Latin American Antiquity 19 (1): 3-23.

Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2007. “Examining the Life History of an Individual from Solcor 3, San Pedro de Atacama: Combining Bioarchaeology and Archaeological Chemistry.” Chungara: Revista Andina 39 (2): 235-257.

Kelly J. Knudson and Jane E. Buikstra. 2007. “Residential Mobility and Resource Use in the Chiribaya Polity of Southern Peru: Strontium Isotope Analysis of Archaeological Tooth Enamel and Bone.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 17 (6): 563-580.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2007. “La influencia de Tiwanaku en San Pedro de Atacama: Una investigación por los isótopos del estroncio (The Influence of Tiwanaku in San Pedro de Atacama: An Investigation using Strontium Isotope Analysis).” Estudios Atacameños 33: 7-24.

Kelly J. Knudson, Arthur E. Aufderheide, and Jane E. Buikstra. 2007. “Seasonality and Paleodiet in the Chiribaya Polity of Southern Peru.” Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (3): 451-462.

Kelly J. Knudson and T. Douglas Price. 2007. “Utility of Multiple Chemical Techniques in Archaeological Residential Mobility Studies: Case Studies from Tiwanaku- and Chiribaya-Affiliated Sites in the Andes.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132 (1): 25-39.

Kelly J. Knudson, Tiffiny A. Tung, Kenneth C. Nystrom, T. Douglas Price and Paul D. Fullagar. 2005. “The Origin of the Juch’uypampa Cave Mummies: Strontium Isotope Analysis of Archaeological Human Remains from Bolivia.” Journal of Archaeological Science 32 (6): 903-913.

Kelly J. Knudson, T. Douglas Price, Jane E. Buikstra, and Deborah E. Blom. 2004. “The Use of Strontium Isotope Analysis to Investigate Tiwanaku Migration and Mortuary Ritual in Bolivia and Peru.” Archaeometry 46 (1): 5-18. Published in a special issue entitled, “Resolution and Refinement: Recent Advances in Archaeological Chemistry” and co-edited by Kelly J. Knudson and David C. Meiggs with advisory editor Michael Richards.

Funding Source: 

Partnerships: 
Museo Contisuyo,
 Moquegua, Peru  
Museo Arqueológico R.P. Gustavo LePaige, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile

In The News:
ASU Researcher Uses New Tools to Explore Ancient Life

 
Kelly J. Knudson, Arizona State University School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Principal Investigator