Charles Redman

Professor
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
5502
Distinguished Sustainability Scientist
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
5502
Professor (FSC)
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
5502
Professor (FSC)
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
5502
Professor (FSC)
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
5502

Biography

Charles Redman is a Virginia M. Ullmann Professor of Natural History and the Environment in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the Founding Director of the School of Sustainability. He has been committed to interdisciplinary research since as an archaeology graduate student he worked closely in the field with botanists, zoologists, geologists, art historians, and ethnographers. Professor Redman taught at New York University and at SUNY-Binghamton before coming to Arizona State University in 1983. Since then, he served nine years as chair of the Department of Anthropology, seven years as director of the Center for Environmental Studies and, in 2004, was chosen to be the Julie Ann Wrigley Director of the newly formed Global Institute of Sustainability. From 2007-2010, Professor Redman was the founding director of ASU’s School of Sustainability. His interests include human impacts on the environment, sustainable landscapes, rapidly urbanizing regions, urban ecology, environmental education, and public outreach. He is the author or co-author of 14 books including "Explanation in Archaeology," "The Rise of Civilization," "People of the Tonto Rim," "Human Impact on Ancient Environments" and, most recently, co-edited four books: "The Archaeology of Global Change," "Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning," "Governance and Sustainability," "Agrarian Landscapes in Transition," and "Politics and Power: Archaeological Perspectives on the Landscapes of Early States." Professor Redman is currently working on NSF-sponsored Urban Reslience to Extreme Events Sustainbility Research Network (URExSRN), a project to encourage the building of more resilient infrastructure in cities of the future.

Education

  • Ph.D. Anthropology, University of Chicago
  • M.A. Anthropology, University of Chicago
  • B.A. Harvard University

Research Interests

His interests include human impacts on the environment, sustainable landscapes, rapidly urbanizing regions, urban ecology, environmental education, and public outreach. 

He is the author or co-author of 14 books including "Explanation in Archaeology," "The Rise of Civilization," "People of the Tonto Rim," "Human Impact on Ancient Environments" and, most recently, co-edited four books: "The Archaeology of Global Change," "Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning," "Governance and Sustainability," "Agrarian Landscapes in Transition," and "Politics and Power: Archaeological Perspectives on the Landscapes of Early States."

Research Projects:

Publications

  • Brundiers, Katja, Arnim Wiek and Charles L. Redman. Real-world learning opportunities in sustainability: from classroom into the real world. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education (2010).
  • Ernstson, H., S. van der Leeuw, C.L. Redman, D.J. Meffert, G. Davis, C. Alfsen and T. Elmqvist. Urban Transitions: On Urban Resilience and Human-Dominated Ecosystems. AMBIO (2010).
  • J. Wu, G.D. Jenerette, A. Buyantuyev and C.L. Redman. Quantifying spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization: The case of the two fastest growing metropolitan regions in the United States. Ecological Modeling (2010).
  • Grimm, N.B., S.H. Faeth, N.E. Golubiewski, C.L. Redman, J. Wu, X. Bai and J.M. Briggs. Global Change and the Ecology of Cities. Science (2008).
  • N.B. Grimm, S.H. Faeth, N.E. Golubiewski, C.L. Redman, J. Wu, X. Bai and J.M. Briggs. Global Change and the Ecology of Cities. Science (2008).
  • T.R. Miller, T.D. Baird, C.M. Littlefield, G. Kofinas, F. Chapin, III and C.L. Redman. Epistemological Pluralism: Reorganizing Interdisciplinary Research. Ecology and Society (2008).
  • Charles L. Redman and David R. Foster. Agrarian Landscapes in Transition: Comparison of Long-Term Ecological and Cultural Change. (2008).
  • ERIC KEYS, Elizabeth Wentz, Charles Redman, Charles Redman. The Spatial Structure of Land Use from 1970-2000 in the Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan Area. The Professional Geographer (2007).
  • Liu, Jianguo, Dietz, Thomas, Carpenter, Stephen, Alberti, Marina, Folke, Carl, Moran, Emilio, Pell, Alice, Deadman, Peter, Kratz, Timothy, Lubchenco, Jane, Ostrom, Elinor, Ouyang, Zhiyun, Provencher, William, Redman, Charles, Schneider, Stephen, Taylor, William, Liu, Jianguo, Dietz, Thomas, Carpenter, Stephen, Alberti, Marina, Folke, Carl, Moran, Emilio, Pell, Alice, Taylor, William, Deadman, Peter, Kratz, Timothy, Lubchenco, Jane, Ostrom, Elinor, Ouyang, Zhiyun, Provencher, William, Redman, Charles, Schneider, Stephen. Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems. Science (2007).
  • R. Costanza, L. Graumlich, W. Steffen, C. Crumley, J. Dearing, K. Hibbard, R. Leemans, Charles Redman, D. Schimel. Sustainability or Collapse: What Can We Learn from Integrating the History of Humans and the Rest of Nature?. Ambio (2007).
  • R. McDonald, Charles Redman, C. Yuan-Farrell, C. Fievet, M. Moeller, P. Kareiva, D. Foster, T. Gragson, Ann Kinzig, Lauren Kuby. Estimating the Effect of Protected Lands on the Development and Conservation of their Surroundings. Conservation Biology (2007).
  • Vajjhala, Shalini, Krupnick, Alan, McCormick, Eleanor, Grove, Morgan, McDowell, Patricia, Redman, Charles, Shabman, Leonard, Small, Mitchell. Rising to the Challenge: Integrating Social Science into NSF Environmental Observatories. (2007).
  • Van Der Leeuw, Sander, Buizer, James, Sarewitz, Daniel, Redman, Charles, Van Der Leeuw, Sander, Buizer, James, Sarewitz, Daniel, Redman, Charles, Van Der Leeuw, Sander, Buizer, James, Sarewitz, Daniel, Redman, Charles, Van Der Leeuw, Sander, Buizer, James, Sarewitz, Daniel, Redman, Charles. Transforming the Global Institute of Sustainability. (2007).
  • Stefanov, William, Netzband, Maik, Redman, Charles L. Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning, Governance, and Sustainability. (2007).
  • . . Sustainability or Collapse? An Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (2007).
  • D Lewis, J Kaye, C Gries, A Kinzig, Charles Redman. Agrarian legacy in soil nutrient pools of urbanizing arid lands. Global Change Biology, online early (2006).
  • D Lewis, J Kaye, C Gries, Ann Kinzig, Charles Redman. Agrarian legacy in soil nutrient pools of urbanizing arid lands. Global Change Biology (2006).
  • G Cumming, D Cumming, Charles Redman. Scale mismatches in social-ecological systems: causes, consequences, and solutions. Ecology and Society (2006).
  • H Haberl, E Furman, R Kaufmann, F Krausmann, E Langthaler, H Lotze-Campen, M Mirtl, Charles Redman, A Reenberg, A Wardell, B Warr, V Winiwarter, H Zechmeister, K Andersson, R Ayres, C Boone, A Castillo, G Cunfer, M Fisher-Kowalski, W Freudenburg. From LTER to LTSER: Conceptualizing the socio-economic dimension of long-term socio-ecological research. Ecology and Society (2006).
  • M Alberti, J Hepinstall, Charles Redman, J Wu, J Marzluff, M Handcock, J Anderies, P Waddell, D Fox, H Kautz. Urban Landscape Patterns and Global Environmental Change: Complex Dynamics and Emergent Properties. IHDP Newsletter (2006).
  • Cumming, G S (Author) ,Cumming, D HM (Author) ,Redman, Charles L (Author) . Scale mismatches in social-ecological systems: causes, consequences, and solutions. Exploring Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems (2006).
  • Cumming, Graeme S,Cumming, David HM,Redman, Charles L. Scale mismatches in social-ecological systems: causes, consequences, and solutions. Exploring Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems (2006).
  • Kinzig, Ann P,Redman, Charles L. Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Exploring Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems (2006).
  • Redman, Charles L. Urban Land-Use Patterns: Past, Present, and Future. Managing Archaeological Data: Essays in Honor of Sylvia W. Gaines (2006).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Urban Land-Use Patterns: Past, Present, and Future. In Managing Archaeological Data: Essays in Honor of Sylvia W. Gaines. Arizona State University Anthropological Research Papers No. 57 (2006).
  • Charles Redman. Resilience Theory in Archaeology. American Anthropologist (2005).
  • Charles Redman, Nancy Jones. The Environmental, Social, and Health Dimensions of Urban Expansion. Population Environment (2005).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Population, Land Use, and Environment. The Urban Ecology of Metropolitan Phoenix: A Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Study (2005).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . The Urban Ecology of Metropolitan Phoenix: A Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Study. Population, Land Use, and Environment: Research Directions (2005).
  • Charles Redman, J Grove, L Kuby. Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change. Ecosystems (2004).
  • N Grimm, Charles Redman. Approaches to the Study of Urban Ecosystems: The Case of Central Arizona- Phoenix. Urban Ecosystems (2004).
  • Redman, Charles L, James, S, Fish, P R, Rogers, J D. The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on the Environment. (2004).
  • Redman, Charles L. Environmental Degradation and Early Mesopotamian Civilization. The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment (2004).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Effects of Agriculture and Urban Society. The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment (2004).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Environmental Degradation and Early Mesopotamian Civilization. The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment (2004).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Human Impacts on Past Environments. The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment (2004).
  • Van Der Leeuw, Sander (Author) ,Girardot, J.J. (Author) ,Favory, F. (Author) . The Archaeological Study of Environmental Degradation: An example from Southeastern France. The Archaeology of Global Change (2004).
  • Diane Hope, Corinna Gries, Zhu Weixing, William Fagan, Charles Redman, Nancy Grimm, Amy Nelson, Chris Martin, Ann Kinzig. Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity. Proceedings of the National Academies of Science (2003).
  • Jonathan Fink, Frederick Steiner, Nancy Grimm, Charles Redman. Greater Phoenix 2100: Building a National Urban Environmental Research Agenda. Earth Science in the City: A Reader (2003).
  • Redman, Charles L (Author) . Archaeology for a New Millennium. Theory and Practice in Mediterrranean Archaeology: Old World and New World Perspectives (2003).
  • S van der Leeuw, Charles Redman. Placing Archaeology at the Center of Socio-Natural Studies. American Antiquities (2002).
  • Charles Redman. The Human Factor in Paleoclimate. Pages Newletter (2000).
  • N Grimm, J Grove, S Pickett, Charles Redman. Understanding the Ecology of Urban Areas. BioScience (2000).
  • Redman, Charles L (Editor) . Social Dynamics in the Tonto Basin. Salado (2000).
  • Rice, G (Author) ,Redman, Charles L (Author) . Compounds, Villages, and Mounds: The Salado Alternative. The Hohokam Village Revisited (2000).
  • David Casagrande, Diane Hope, Elizabeth Farley-Metzger, William Cook, Scott Yabiku, Charles Redman. Problem and Opportunity: Integrating Anthropology, Ecology, and Policy through Adaptive Experimentation in the Urban American Southwest. Human Organization (0).

Research Activity

Courses

Spring 2018
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
SOS 792 Research
ASB 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
Fall 2017
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 584 Internship
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
SOS 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
Spring 2017
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
SOS 792 Research
ASB 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
Fall 2016
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 584 Internship
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 592 Research
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASM 790 Reading and Conference
SOS 792 Research
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation
Spring 2016
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
Fall 2015
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASM 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 584 Internship
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 592 Research
ASB 592 Research
ASM 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation
Spring 2015
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASM 484 Internship
ASM 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASM 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASM 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASM 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation
Fall 2014
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASM 484 Internship
ASB 484 Internship
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASM 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASM 499 Individualized Instruction
SOS 510 Perspectives on Sustainability
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 584 Internship
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 592 Research
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASM 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation
Spring 2014
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASM 484 Internship
ASM 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASM 493 Honors Thesis
ASM 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 592 Research
ASB 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASM 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation
Fall 2013
Course Number Course Title
SOS 111 Sustainable Cities
PUP 190 Sustainable Cities
ASB 484 Internship
ASM 484 Internship
ASM 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 492 Honors Directed Study
ASB 493 Honors Thesis
ASM 493 Honors Thesis
ASB 499 Individualized Instruction
ASM 499 Individualized Instruction
ASB 580 Practicum
ASB 584 Internship
ASB 590 Reading and Conference
ASM 590 Reading and Conference
ASB 592 Research
ASM 592 Research
ASB 790 Reading and Conference
ASB 792 Research
ASM 792 Research
ASB 799 Dissertation
ASM 799 Dissertation

Presentations

  • Charles L. Redman. Intgrated Sustainability into the Scientific Networks. CONACYT 40th year conference (Nov 2011).
  • Charles L. Redman. Scientific Archeology at Kasar Seghir. Official public opening of archeological site I excavated 30 yrs ago (Jun 2011).
  • Charles L. Redman. The Study of the Social-Ecology, Resilience, and Sustainability of Cities. ULTRA Seminar (Jan 2011).
  • Charles Redman. x. Resilience 2008 - Resilience, Adaptation and Transformation in Turbulent Times (Apr 2008).
  • Charles L. Redman. From Interdisciplinary Research Center to Transdisciplinary School. World Universities Forum (Feb 2008).
  • Charles L. Redman. x. Biosphere Reserves - Madrid (Feb 2008).
  • Charles L. Redman and Paul Minnis. Reconsidering Our Views: 20 Years Later. 20th Anniversary Southwest Symposium (Jan 2008).
  • Deba Dutta, Linda Katehi, Eva Pell, Charles Redman and Teresa Sullivan. Institutional Imperatives for Seeding and Sustaining Interdisciplinarity: Starting a Dialog. World Universities Forum-Davos, Switzerland (Jan 2008).
  • Redman, Charles. Brad Casper, CEO Dial Corp, visit to ASU (Jan 2007).
  • Redman, Charles. CAP LTER Poster Symposium (Jan 2007).
  • Redman, Charles. PHX 11 Vice-Mayor Lingner "On the Issues" program (Jan 2007).
  • Redman, Charles. ULI Arizona Real Estate Trends 2007 (Jan 2007).
  • Redman, Charles. History and overview of sustainability. Columbine Garden Club Luncheon (Jan 2007).
  • Redman, Charles. Challenges of Implementing a University-Wide Sustianability Initiative. AASHE The Role of Higher Education in Creating a Sustainable World (Oct 2006).
  • Redman, Charles. International Perspectives & Partnerships. AASHE The Role of Higher Education in Creating a Sustainable World (Oct 2006).
  • Redman, Charles. Rebuilding as We Sail: Creating New Norms for Ecucation for Sustainability. AASHE The Role of Higher Education in Creating a Sustainable World (Oct 2006).
  • Redman, Charles. Panel Discussion on Sustainability. The Arizona Parks and Recreation Association 2006 Conference on Open Space (May 2006).
  • Redman, Charles. U.S. National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) meeting. National Research Council of the National Academies meeting (Feb 2006).
  • Redman, Charles. Sustainable Cities in a Globalizing World. College of Liberal Arts and Science Guest Speaker (Nov 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. The Urban Sustainability Challenge, Risks and Rewards. Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering Guest Speaker (Nov 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. Urban Sustainability and the Challenge to ASU. Geography Department Guest Speaker (Nov 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. Rapid Urbanization and Sustainability for Arizona's Centennial. Arizona Historical Society - Arizona Centennial (Apr 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. Urban Sustainability: A Research Agenda. ASU Sustainability Conference (student org) (Mar 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. Urban Water. SMART/DCDC Conference on Urban Water (Mar 2005).
  • Redman, Charles. Water Conservation Leadership Forum. Water Conservation Leadership Forum
  • Redman, Charles. All Scientist Meeting, LTER

Service

  • Biodesign Guidance Council, Member (2009 - Present)
  • Biodesign Guidance Council, Member (2009 - Present)
  • Biodesign Guidance Council, Member (2009 - Present)
  • Habitat for Humanity, Advisory Board (2008 - Present)
  • Habitat for Humanity, Advisory Board (2008 - Present)
  • Academic Chairs and Directors, member (2006 - Present)
  • Academic Chairs and Directors, member (2006 - Present)
  • Deans/Directors, member (2006 - Present)
  • Sustainability Leadership Council, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Council, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Council, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Management, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Management, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Management, member (2006 - Present)
  • University Management, member (2006 - Present)
  • Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, Advisory Board Member (2005 - Present)
  • Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, Advisory Board Member (2005 - Present)
  • Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, Advisory Board Member (2005 - Present)
  • Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, Advisory Board Member (2005 - Present)
  • U.S. National Committee on the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), Member (2005 - Present)
  • U.S. National Committee on the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), Member (2005 - Present)
  • The Nature Conservancy, President, Executive Committee (2004 - Present)
  • NAS Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability Task Force on Rapid Urbanization, Co-Chair (2003 - Present)
  • National Academies of Science Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability Task Force on Rapid Urbanization, Co-Chair (2003 - Present)
  • Resilience Alliance, Member (2002 - Present)
  • Resilience Alliance, Member (2002 - Present)
  • Resilience Alliance, Member (2002 - Present)
  • Resilience Alliance, Member (2002 - Present)
  • Water Resources Research Center (University of Arizona), Advisory Board (2000 - Present)
  • Water Resources Research Center (University of Arizona), Advisory Board (2000 - Present)
  • Board on Natural Resources, NASALGC, Member (1996 - Present)
  • Board on Natural Resources, NASALGC, Member (1996 - Present)
  • Southwest Center for Education and the Natural Environment (SCENE), Board of Directors (1992 - Present)
  • Southwest Center for Education and the Natural Environment (SCENE), Board of Directors (1992 - Present)
  • Southwest Center for Education and the Natural Environment (SCENE), Board of Directors (1992 - Present)
  • Southwest Center for Education and the Natural Environment (SCENE), Board of Directors (1992 - Present)
  • OurEarth.org, Environmental Advisory Board (2008 - 2010)
  • Academic Assembly, member (2007 - 2007)
  • University Council, member (2007 - 2007)
  • President's Academic Advisory Council, Member (2005 - 2006)
  • Consortium for the Study of Rapidly Urbanizing Regions, Head (2003 - 2005)
  • Arizona Nature Conservancy Board of Directors, Vice President (2003)
  • Conservation Ecology Journal, Editorial board (2003)
  • Consortium for the Study of Rapidly Urbanizing Regions, Director (2003)
  • Growing Smarter Advisory Board for the Governor, Talk (2003)
  • KAET Research Program, Interviewed (2003)
  • President's Academic Advisory Council, member (2003)
  • Search for new Anthropology Chair, Chair of Committee (2003)
  • University Design Team, Member (2003)
  • Governor's Commission on Groundwater Management, Executive Board (2000 - 2002)
  • Museum of Northern Arizona, Board of Trustees member (1991 - 2001)
  • Biosphere 2, Earth Learning Center, Advisory Committee (1997 - 1999)