Ancient Andean Paleodiet and Paleomobility

The Ancient Andean Paleodiet and Paleomobility project examines lived experiences, particularly migration and dietary choices, in what are now Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. Knudson uses isotopic values in archaeological human tooth enamel and bone to understand geographic origins and diet throughout an individual’s life. Knudson and her colleagues have investigated a wide range of anthropological questions in the Andes, including the role of migration and population movement in Andean political integration and ritual activity, the creation and manipulation of various social identities, and the complex relationships between social identities, material culture and geographic origins. This work has focused on the Tiwanaku polity of the Andean Middle Horizon (AD 500-1000), but also has included research on the Nasca, Wari, Chiribaya and Inka polities.

Years of Project:
2000–Present

Links:

Publications:
Kelly J. Knudson, William J. Pestle, Christina Torres-Rouff and Gonzalo Pimentel. 2012. “Assessing the Life History of an Andean Traveler through Biogeochemistry: Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Analyses of Archaeological Human Remains from Northern Chile.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22(4): 435-451.

Kristin L. Nado, Sara J. Marsteller, Laura M. King, Blair M. Daverman, Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2012. “Examining Local Social Identities through Patterns of Biological and Cultural Variation in the Solcor Ayllu, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.” Chungara 44(2): 341-357.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2011. “Identifying Locals, Migrants and Captives in the Wari Heartland: A Bioarchaeological and Biogeochemical Study of Human Remains from Conchopata, Peru.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30 (3): 247-261.

Kelly J. Knudson, Kristin R. Gardella and Jason Yaeger. 2011. “Provisioning Inka Feasts at Tiwanaku, Bolivia: The Geographic Origins of Camelids in the Pumapunku Complex.” Journal of Archaeological Science 39(2): 479-491.

Kelly J. Knudson and Tiffiny A. Tung. 2011. “Investigating Regional Mobility in the Southern Hinterland of the Wari Empire: Biogeochemistry at the Site of Beringa, Peru.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145(2): 299-310.

Sara J. Marsteller, Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2011. “Pre-Columbian Andean Sickness Ideology and the Social Experience of Leishmaniasis: A Contextualized Analysis of Bioarchaeological and Paleopathological Data from San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.” International Journal of Paleopathology 1: 24-34.

Kelly J. Knudson, Hope M. Williams, Jane E. Buikstra, Paula Tomczak, Gwyneth Gordon and Ariel D. Anbar. 2010. “Introducing δ88/86Sr Analysis in Archaeology: A Demonstration of the Utility of Strontium Isotope Fractionation in Paleodietary Studies.” Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (9): 2352-2364.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2010. “Childhood Lost: Abductions, Sacrifice and Trophy Heads of Children in the Wari Empire of the Ancient Andes.” Latin American Antiquity 22 (1): 44-66.

Kelly J. Knudson, Sloan R. Williams, Rebecca Osborne, Kathleen Forgey and Patrick Ryan Williams. 2009. “The Geographic Origins of Nasca Trophy Heads in the Kroeber Collection Using Strontium, Oxygen, and Carbon Isotope Data.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 28 (2): 244-257.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2009. “Oxygen Isotope Analysis in a Land of Environmental Extremes: The Complexities of Isotopic Work in the Andes.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19 (2): 171-191. Published in a special issue entitled, “Archaeology and Stable Isotopes in Southern South America: Hunter-Gatherers, Pastoralism, and Agriculture” and co-edited by Ramiro Barberena, Adolfo Gil, Gustavo Neme, and Robert Tykot.

Kelly J. Knudson and Christina Torres-Rouff. 2009. “Investigating Cultural Heterogeneity in San Pedro de Atacama, Northern Chile through Biogeochemistry and Bioarchaeology.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 138 (4): 473-485.

Tiffiny A. Tung and Kelly J. Knudson. 2008. “Social Identities and Geographical Origins of Wari Trophy Heads from Conchopata, Peru.” Current Anthropology 49 (5): 915-925.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2008. “Tiwanaku Influence in the South Central Andes: Strontium Isotope Analysis and Middle Horizon Migration.” Latin American Antiquity 19 (1): 3-23.

Christina Torres-Rouff and Kelly J. Knudson. 2007. “Examining the Life History of an Individual from Solcor 3, San Pedro de Atacama: Combining Bioarchaeology and Archaeological Chemistry.” Chungara: Revista Andina 39 (2): 235-257.

Kelly J. Knudson and Jane E. Buikstra. 2007. “Residential Mobility and Resource Use in the Chiribaya Polity of Southern Peru: Strontium Isotope Analysis of Archaeological Tooth Enamel and Bone.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 17 (6): 563-580.

Kelly J. Knudson. 2007. “La influencia de Tiwanaku en San Pedro de Atacama: Una investigación por los isótopos del estroncio (The Influence of Tiwanaku in San Pedro de Atacama: An Investigation using Strontium Isotope Analysis).” Estudios Atacameños 33: 7-24.

Kelly J. Knudson, Arthur E. Aufderheide, and Jane E. Buikstra. 2007. “Seasonality and Paleodiet in the Chiribaya Polity of Southern Peru.” Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (3): 451-462.

Kelly J. Knudson and T. Douglas Price. 2007. “Utility of Multiple Chemical Techniques in Archaeological Residential Mobility Studies: Case Studies from Tiwanaku- and Chiribaya-Affiliated Sites in the Andes.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132 (1): 25-39.

Kelly J. Knudson, Tiffiny A. Tung, Kenneth C. Nystrom, T. Douglas Price and Paul D. Fullagar. 2005. “The Origin of the Juch’uypampa Cave Mummies: Strontium Isotope Analysis of Archaeological Human Remains from Bolivia.” Journal of Archaeological Science 32 (6): 903-913.

Kelly J. Knudson, T. Douglas Price, Jane E. Buikstra, and Deborah E. Blom. 2004. “The Use of Strontium Isotope Analysis to Investigate Tiwanaku Migration and Mortuary Ritual in Bolivia and Peru.” Archaeometry 46 (1): 5-18. Published in a special issue entitled, “Resolution and Refinement: Recent Advances in Archaeological Chemistry” and co-edited by Kelly J. Knudson and David C. Meiggs with advisory editor Michael Richards.

Team Members: 

  • Kelly J. Knudson, Arizona State University School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Principal Investigator

Funding Source: 

Partnerships:
Museo Contisuyo,
Moquegua, Peru 
Museo Arqueológico R.P. Gustavo LePaige, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile