Evolutionary Anthropology

An Investigation of the Evolutionary History of Tuberculosis Using Ancient DNA
Tuberculosis (TB) is a re-emerging infectious disease that has a long history of affecting humans, as shown by bioarchaeological and historical data. Recent molecular evidence indicates that TB is... (more)
Chimpanzees of Gombe Genetic Analyses
This project involves the genetic analyses of the skeletons of 22 individual chimpanzees who died between 1966 and 1987. These chimpanzees were studied by primatologists, including Dr. Jane Goodall,... (more)
Collaborative Research: Development and Application of Cryptotephra Studies to Resolve Debates over Chronology in Modern Human Origins Research in South Africa
An international team of scientists led by geologist Eugene Smith of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and Arizona State University anthropologist Curtis Marean will apply a new dating method to... (more)
Developing and Testing an Integrated Paleoscape Model for the early Middle and Late Pleistocene of the South Coast of South Africa
This research examines the coupled response of people and the environment in the Cape Floral region on the south coast of Africa to major fluctuations in global climate change during the time of the... (more)
Earth System Dynamics and its Role in Human Evolution in Africa
Paleoanthropologists and earth scientists will collaborate to investigate the impacts of Earth system dynamics in our deep human past. This project will involve collecting paleoenvironmental records... (more)
Genetic History of Peru
Debate about the patterning of genetic diversity in human populations has centered on the importance of language, geography, and sex-biased gene flow, as well as the extent and origin of admixture.... (more)
Geoinformatics-Based Data Integration for Study of the Pliocene Fossil-Bearing Strata of the Hadar Basin (Afar, Ethiopia)
Understanding the relative roles of internal and external ecological, climatological, and tectonic forcings in the evolution of Australopithecus afarensis at Hadar, Ethiopia, requires integration of... (more)
High-Resolution Analysis of Unique Paleoenvironmental Data from Key Hominin Sites in East Africa
The possibility of a causative relationship between human evolution in Africa and Earth system history has been an important question at the forefront of paleoanthropological research in the last 25... (more)
Hominid Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: Acquiring a High Resolution Paleoenvironmental Context of Human Evolution
Understanding whether and how earth system processes impacted human evolution is an enduring geoscientific challenge that generates broad interest among scientists and the general public. A recent... (more)
Integrating Developmental Morphogenetic Theory and Dental Biodistance Practices
Vertebrate evolutionary history has been largely reconstructed on the basis of fossil teeth. The same may be said for primate evolution, including inferences from hominin and human paleontology.... (more)
Integrative Analysis of Hominid Feeding Biomechanics
This project examines the mechanics of primate and early hominid feeding within the context of hypotheses about australopithecine diets. Specifically, it tests the hypothesis that derived... (more)
Ledi-Geraru Research Project
The Ledi-Geraru research area is positioned between the Awash and Ledi River basins in northeastern Ethiopia. The fossil exposures are found directly east and somewhat north of the Hadar site. Early... (more)
Mossel Bay Archaeology Project
The Mossel Bay Archaeology Project (MAP), led by Curtis W. Marean (ASU) and Peter Nilssen (Iziko South African Museums), is a long-term field study of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) in the Mossel Bay... (more)
Neuromuscularly Controlled In Vivo Canine Larynx: A New Experimental Platform to Study Neurogenic Voice Disorders
The long-term goal of this collaborative ASU-Mayo Clinic project is to develop new techniques of functional electrical stimulation to accurately and reproducibly control the state of all the... (more)
Ngogo Chimpanzee Project
The Ngogo Chimpanzee Project, co-directed by Kevin Langergraber, is a long-term field project devoted to the scientific study and conservation of the Ngogo community of chimpanzees living in Kibale... (more)
Paleoanthropological Investigation of the Ledi-Geraru Hominin Site (Afar, Ethiopia)
Australopithecus afarensis shows a well-documented pattern of morphological change at the Hadar site immediately before the last appearance date (LAD) of the species (~2.9 Ma). Soon after the LAD of... (more)
Paleobiogeography, Paleoecology and Continued Investigation of a Diverse, Terminal Miocene, Primate-Bearing Fauna from Southern China
The period spanning the late Miocene through the early Pliocene, from 8-4 million years ago, witnessed great changes in terrestrial environments throughout the world as the result of changes in... (more)
Paleoclimatic and Paleoenvironmental Context of the Origins of Modern Humans in South Africa
Modern humans likely evolved in Africa between 300,000 and 100,000 years ago. It is well documented that the bio-behavioral adaptations of fully modern hunter-gatherers are intimately tied to climate... (more)
Simulating Glacial Climate in Coastal South Africa: Developing the Climate Parameters to Model a Paleoscope During Modern Human Origins
Using the supercomputing resources of the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment, this project allows for climate modeling that produces “hind-casts” of the South African Cape climate... (more)
The Role of Cultural History and Environment in Explaining Human Behavioral Variation
The behavioral variation among human societies is vast and unmatched in the animal world. Scholars have been debating for over a century whether this variation is due to variation in the ecological... (more)